- The Political Economy of the Violent Conflict in Tierra Caliente, Mexico
Drawing form historical information, process tracing of the conflict, and homicide panel data, this paper aims to explain the logics of violence as part of the historical political economy of the region characterised by logistical closeness to ports at the Pacific Ocean, agroindustry development policies and high-income inequality, configuring a path dependence between drug wars, globalisation and state weakness in the Mexican territory.
- Counting youth involved in the Mexican Criminal War (2007-2018): What does the current data tell us? (with Sukanya Podder)
By comparing prison administrative census, inmates surveys, and mortality registries, we perform the first approximation to the counting of people involved in the Mexican Criminal War, with especial focus on youth.
- Alternative measures of inequality and their relationship with violence in Mexico (with Diego Castañeda and Eduardo Ortíz Juárez)
A long debate about the causal relation between income inequality and violence has risen in the recent years with mixed results. Usually, many of the papers and books surrounding this topic focus on using Gini as a proxy for income inequality. In this paper we aim to use alternative measurements of income inequality that address polarization of inequality rather than distribution to search it’s effects on violence, using homicide rates in Mexico afterwards the declaration of the ‘War on Drugs’ in 2006.
- Relaciones intergubernamentales entre Escuelas Normales y autoridades educativas: el estudio de caso de la Escuela Normal de Ecatepec, Estado de México (in Spanish)
En ese sentido, en esta ponencia sugiero que las Normales en México tienen impedimentos de capacidades humanas e institucionales para atender demandas de cambio curricular, con la mayor eficacia posible, debido a problemas de cargas administrativas, clima organizacional, coordinación intergubernamental y de múltiples principales. Sostengo esto a partir de los resultados de una observación participante que hice en la Escuela Normal de Ecatepec, Estado de México.
- Caciquismo and democratic transition in Mexico: misunderstandings, coexistence or convergences. A comparison form regional and union caciques in Mexico, with Santiago Ruy Sánchez de Orellana
The democratic transition in Mexico has been an auspicios scenario for caciques in Mexico. Despite the rise of political pluralism and political parties rotation, the electoral reforms in Mexico have not changed homogeneously the relation between citizens and authorities. Power brokers in Mexico known as caciques still exist and even are part of the political formal mechanisms of elections and unions. From the comparison of the case of Cirilo Vázquez Lagunes in Veracruz and Elba Esther Gordillo at the National Union of Teachers in Mexico, we argue that the studies of caciquismo are still relevant to explain political mediation in Mexico.
- Economic and demographic costs of homicides in Mexico Drug War (with Diego Castañeda and Irvin Rojas)
Current literature about the economic costs of violence focus on large GDP losses in capital and investment due to insecurity and infrastructure destruction, but few on the demographic costs of violence. By comparing potential life productivity vs homicide rates, we pretend to calculate the economic cost of violence in Mexico afterwards the declaration of the Mexico ‘War on Drugs’.
- Long term causes of homicide trends in 20th Century Mexico (with Carlos Pérez Ricart)
Homicide rates in Mexico have risen since 2006 due to the militarised strategy of the Mexican government to tackle Drug Trafficking Organisations, but before that year Mexico experienced a secular decline of homicides from the end of the Mexican Revolution in the 1940’s towards the 20th Century. This paper aims to explain that secular decline by using novel data on homicides and other statistical information, and comparing it with other historical trends of violence in Mexico.
- The Debate about the definition of the Mexican Violent Conflict: towards a useful concept
Since 2007, scholars and the general public have tried to understand the nature of the increasingly violent conflict in Mexico. As a result, many different concepts and characterisations about the violence in Mexico have arisen, but many of these, either borrowed from many fields of literature terms or new concepts, fall short to classify or explain the key differences from high scale violence involving organised crime and other types of violent conflicts such as civil wars. In this article I review the most of the academic and political commentary of the nature of the Mexican case and, from there, I analyse the different concepts proposed from two angles: first, a comparison with the characteristics of other high scale violent conflict concepts, and second, an examination of their utility in terms of theory, field studies, internal coherence, parsimony, familiarity, depth, differentiation and familiarity. The aim of the comparison of different types of conflict is to assess how scholars use the literature from diverse fields to influence categorization of new violent phenomenon.